Automotive Fluid Systems

Volume 1: Automotive Fuel and Water / Urea Injection Systems
Volume 2: PHEV Challenges to Fuel and Thermal Systems

Over the next ten years, the global automotive industry will undergo paradigm shifts not so much from a move towards fully electrified and autonomous vehicles as often promoted, but rather from the simultaneous implementation of regulations and advanced technologies related to:

  • Powertrain Developments – Innovations to realize significant improvements in fuel economy driven by new legislation in a number of geographic regions.
  • Exhaust and Evaporative Emissions – Major emission reductions as new legislation is implements especially in China, Europe, India, and North America.
  • Electrical Energy Storage Batteries – Improvements in traction batteries in terms of both storage capacity and cost/kwh which will drive increased interest in pure electric vehicles to a less extent, in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
  • Digitalization – On-board sensing and processing intelligence leading to new vehicle system specifications.

Vehicle fluid systems will undergo change due to the above paradigm shifts. These systems include:

  1. Fuel Systems – Through the next decade, 90 percent of automobiles are expected to rely on the use of an internal combustion engine. This will require the presence of a fuel system on-board the vehicle. Changes to such systems will occur as a result of tougher emission requirements and changes to powertrain technologies.
  2. SCR Systems – As diesel-based vehicles need to meet tougher legislation such as Tier 3, Euro 6 and China 6, SCR systems are finding widespread adoption.
  3. Water Injection – First implemented by BMW for a gasoline vehicle, there is interest in the use of water injection as it lowers combustion temperatures and can lead to efficiency improvements on the order of ten percent.
  4. Thermal Systems – Thermal System innovations will be an important tool for OEMs to improve vehicle efficiency performance whether the powertrain is pure-ICE, hybrid or pure electric.

As a result of these developments, The ITB Group has expanded its annual Fuel Systems Report to a two-volume report as follows:

Volume 1: Automotive Fuel and Water / Urea Injection Systems

Volume 2: PHEV Challenges to Fuel and Thermal Systems

Volume 2 focuses on the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) market and the impact PHEV designs are having on fluid carrying systems. A great number of PHEVs are currently in development, especially in China where joint venture OEMs, domestic OEMs and new players are seeking participation in the marketplace. Initiatives to meet future Chinese NEV targets will be an interplay between PHEV and pure electric vehicle developments. Thermal systems, with a focus on fluid carrying components, are included due to technological/supplier commonalities with traditional fuel systems.

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